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2021超星尔雅学习通经济学导论(双语)网课答案

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2021超星尔雅学习通经济学导论(双语)网课答案

【简答题】说明薄利多销的经济学道理。

薄利多销是针对那些需求的价格弹性比较大的商品,即奢侈品属于这种类型。这些商品需求的价格弹性比较大,因此,需求量变动比率大于价格变动比率,价格下调,需求量增加,但需求量增加幅度大于价格下调的幅度,由此导致总收益增加,对生产者有利;价格上调,需求量减少,但需求量减少幅度大于价格上调的幅度,总收益减少,对生产者不利。因此,对需求富有弹性的商品(ed>1),应实施薄利多销,即适当降低价格能增加总收益。

答案:薄利多销是针对那些需求的价格弹性比较大的商品,即奢侈品属于这种类型。这些商品需求的价格弹性比较大,因此,需求量变动比率大于价格变动比率,价格下调,需求量增加,但需求量增加幅度大于价格下调的幅度,由此导致总收益增加,对生产者有利;价格上调,需求量减少,但需求量减少幅度大于价格上调的幅度,总收益减少,对生产者不利。因此,对需求富有弹性的商品(ed> 1),应实施薄利多销,即适当降低价格能增加总收益。

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【简答题】Whatisaneconomy?

An economy is a system which tries to balance the available resources of a country (land, labour, capital and enterprise) against the wants and needs of consumers. It deals with three key issues:What is produced?How it is produced, andWho gets what is produced.

答案:An economy is a system which tries to balance the available resources of a country (land, labour, capital and enterprise) against the wants and needs of consumers. It deals with three key issues:What is produced?How it is produced, andWho gets what is produced.

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【简答题】Whatiseconomics?

allocation of resources

答案:allocation of resources

【单选题】当出租车租金上涨后,对公共汽车服务的

需求下降;
需求增加;
需求量下降;
需求量增加

答案:需求增加;

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【简答题】Explainthelawofdemand

the higher the price, the more the quantity

答案:the higher the price, the more the quantity

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【简答题】whatareopportunities?

the thing you give up to get something

答案:the thing you give up to get something

【简答题】什么是机会成本?机会成本概念需具备哪些条件?

机会成本:资源投入某一特定用途后,所放弃的其他用途的最大利益。条件:一,资源本身有多种用途;二,资源可以自由流动且不受限制;三,资源能够充分利用。

答案:机会成本:资源投入某一特定用途后,所放弃的其他用途的最大利益。条件:一,资源本身有多种用途;二,资源可以自由流动且不受限制;三,资源能够充分利用。

【单选题】若需求曲线富有弹性,其确切的含义是价格上升会引起

购买者购买量的下降
购买者购买量的增加;
购买者总支出的增加
购买者总支出的减少

答案:购买者购买量的下降

【单选题】Opportunitycostisrelatedto:

A special reduced cost
The cost of the same good last year
The cost of the nearest substitute
Foregone alternatives

答案:Foregone alternatives

【简答题】Whatarethedifferencesbetweenthedemandcurveanddemandschedule

demand curve: the law of demanddemand schedule: the relationship between price and quantity demanded

答案:demand curve: the law of demanddemand schedule: the relationship between price and quantity demanded

【单选题】Whenenconomistsdiscussanincreaseindemandtheyareexplainingthat:

the price has risen thus increasing demand
more is demanded at each and every price
more is demanded in line with price increases
consumers will only buy more if the price falls

答案:more is demanded at each and every price

2021超星尔雅学习通经济学导论(双语)网课答案

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